- Besson, Jacques. Theatrum instrumentorum et machinarum… (1578)
- Konrad Kyeser. Bellifortis (1460)
- Ramelli’s drawings of machines
- Vitruvius. “Book 10” in the Ten Books of Architecture. Translated by Morris Hicky Morgan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1914.
- [automata] Bedini, Silvio A., “The Role of Automata in the History of Technology,” Technology and Culture, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Winter, 1964), pp. 24-42.
- [automata] Kang, Minsoo, “Wonders of Mathematical Magic: Lists of Automata in the Transition from Magic to Science, 1533-1662,” Comitatus, Vol. 33 (2002), 113-139.
- [automata] Mayr, Otto, “The Mechanical Clock, Its Makers and Users,” in Authority, Liberty & Automatic Machinery in Early Modern Europe, Baltimore: the Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, pp. 3-27.
- [automata] Price, Derek J. de Solla, “Automata and the Origins of Mechanism and Mechanistic Philosophy,” Technology and Culture, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Winter, 1964), pp. 9-23.
- [automata] Price, Derek J. de Solla, “On the Origin of Clockwork, Perpetual Motion Devices and the Compass,” Contributions from the Museum of History and Technology, Bulletin 218, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1959, pp. 82-112.
- [automata] Riskin, Jessica, Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2007 (especially chapters 2 & 3).
- [automata] Sherwood, Merriam, “Magic and Mechanics in Medieval Fiction,” Studies in Philology, Vol. XLIV, No. 4 (Oct., 1947), pp. 567-592.
- [automata] Tybjerg, Karin, “Wonder-making and philosophical wonder in Hero of Alexandria,” Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part A, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep., 2003), Pages 443-466.
- [Leonardo] Leonardo’s Machines: Secrets and Inventions in the Da Vinci Codices, Firenze: Giunti, 2005. [please bear in mind that these are interpretations of Leonardo’s sketches]
- [Leonardo] Rosheim, Mark Elling, Leonardo’s Lost Robots, New York: Springer Verlag, 2006.
- [machines] Lefevre, Wolfgang, ed., Picturing Machines 1400-1700, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2004.
- [machines] Lefevre, Wolfgang, Jurgen Renn, and Urs Schoepflin, eds., the Power of Images in Early Modern Science, Boston, MA: Birkhauser Verlag, 2003.
- [machines] Sawday, Jonathan, Engines of the Imagination: Renaissance Culture and the Rise of the Machine, New York: Routledge, 2007.
- [zodiac man] Garin, Eugenio. Astrology in the Renaissance: The Zodiac of Life. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1983.
- [zodiac man] Page, Sophie. Astrology in Medieval Manuscripts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.
- [Leonardo] Museo di Leonardo da Vinci; especially the section on his machine designs
- [Leonardo] Exhibition Leonardo da Vinci’s workshop
- [machines] On Jacques Besson’s Theatrum instrumentorum et machinarum… (1578)
- [machines] Online source with Ramelli’s drawings of machines
- [machines] Youtube video of construction machines of the Renaissance
- [war machines/instruments] Exhibition the Geometry of War, 1500-1750 at the Museum of the History of Science at Oxford
- [zodiac man] Online source with images of the zodiac man
Just for fun (and well beyond the period covered by the course):